How teachers can guide students against drug use and related harms

Positive school environment
Targeted Drugs: ,

What can teachers do?

Young people are likely to spend more waking hours in the school environment around teachers than at home with their parents, making the school's social environment a key factor influencing the development of young people.

Research has shown that a positive relationship with school, which creates a greater sense of community, attachment, and performance, is associated with reduced potential for drug abuse. As a teacher, you can help a student have a positive relationship with their school by:

  • Setting clear rules and boundaries that are consistently enforced in a reasonable and measured manner;
  • Keeping an open mind and asking students for their opinions;
  • Giving praise and reward for students’ good behaviour, achievements and accomplishments;
  • Modelling a sense of optimism and a positive view of learning;
  • Encouraging constructive use of time and participation in extracurricular activities;
  • Encouraging reading for pleasure outside of school hours;
  • Being a good listener.

 See also:


School-based Drug Prevention Programs

A number of drug prevention programs that have been developed for implementation within schools within the context of the Australian curriculum. Developed in consultation and collaboration with teachers, these programs are reduce alcohol/drug use and related harms through skill development and increased awareness. Browse School-based Drug Prevention Programs that have been evaluated and shown to have positive outcomes in Australia. 

Evidence Base

This factsheet was developed following expert review by researchers at the Matilda Centre for Research in Mental Health and Substance Use, the National Drug & Alcohol Research Centre, UNSW and the National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University. See Teacher booklet for more information.

Page last reviewed: 8 April 2019.